Tuesday, May 26, 2020
There are many reasons why your mind might wander. Some of the most common factors are non-medical and can be treated by making small changes in your routine. 1. Fatigue Fatigue from sleep deprivation is the most common cause of an inability to concentrate on one topic for a long time. Many studies have shown that people are not getting enough sleep, and sleep deprivation have serious physical, emotional, and cognitive effects. The first step in attempting to solve your concentration problem is finding a way to get at least eight hours of sleep every night. This isnt easy to do. We have busy lives and develop habits that make it difficult to get to sleep early enough. However, if you have a severe concentration problem, you may need to make some sacrifices to find a solution. Try getting plenty of sleep and see if you get results. 2. Anxiety Anxiety can cause the inability to concentrate too. Are you worried about something? If so, you might need to isolate your source of anxiety and confront it head-on. We deal with many pressures from our peers, and this social force can become quite damaging in extremes. Are you dealing with pressure? If so, it may be time to change your life to eliminate some of the stressors. Is your schedule too heavy? Are you involved in a toxic friendship? Is something else bothering you? If you are dealing with some pressure that might lead you down a dangerous path, it might be time to get a second opinion from someone. You can talk to a parent, a doctor, a guidance counselor, a co-worker, or a teacher. Depending on the situation, your emergency contact might be different. Find people you trust and let them know that youre dealing with anxiety and would like some support. 3. Excitement Excitement is related to anxiety, but a little more fun! There are lots of things that come along from time to time that grab our attention and make us daydream. This can be a big problem when weve got to pay attention to something! Make the conscious decision to set aside your daydreams until after class. 4. Love A big distraction is a physical attraction or being inÃ love. Are you having a difficult time concentrating because you cant get someone out of your head? If so, you need to find a way to discipline yourself. It is sometimes helpful to establish healthy routines in your habits by setting up parameters both inside and outside your head. Outwardly, you can establish a physical space and a concentration time. Inwardly, you can set rules about thoughts that are and are not permissible during concentration time. 5. Diet and Caffeine Your diet and, for those who drink coffee, consumption of caffeine, are other potential problems when it comes to concentration. Your body is just like a machine in some ways. Just like an automobile, a body needs clean fuel to keep it running well. Different people are affected in different ways from foods and chemicals-and sometimes those effects can be unexpected. For example, it may surprise you to know that some studies have linked low-fat diet with symptoms of depression! And depression can affect your concentration. Caffeine is another potential trouble-maker when it comes to diet and moods. Caffeine consumption can cause insomnia, headaches, dizziness, and nervousness. These symptoms are sure to affect your concentration. 6. Boredom Boredom is another big culprit when it comes to staying focused on your studies. Boredom stems from doing something that lacks meaning and motivation. What can you do? Every time you prepare to enter a study environment, take a moment for a reality check. What do you need to accomplish? Why? Concentrate on a goal for the next hour and think of a way to reward yourself for reaching that goal.
Friday, May 15, 2020
It is Saturday, September 17, 2011 at 1:00 am. I am watching a movie in the basement with Matt. My sister is fast asleep in her bed. My mom is looking over her mother, sleeping by her side. My dad is watching another show on The History Channel. The phone rings. My heart stops. Who could be calling at this time of night? What is wrong? Are Grandpap and Meemaw okay? Should I get the phone? Do I want to know? Moments later my father answers the phone. I wonder who called. I need to find out. I hesitantly go up the creaking staircase trying to reassure myself that my worst nightmare is not coming true. I must be overreacting. Obviously everyone is fine. There is nothing to worry about. As I reach the top of the steps, I takeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Though there is no passing which would be considered Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ , this is what my Grandpap would have wanted and I am very thankful that he got his ultimate wish. The days following the death included bonding together as a unit and supporting one another. I love my Grandma, and trying my best to help her cope with the hardship she was experiencing in losing the love of her life was by far the most challenging thing I have ever done. I look at my Grandma as a very strong woman for getting up every morning and pushing herself through the day without the man who she spent 60 years of her life with. While sitting next to her at the funeral and the viewing, she was both mentally and physically exhausted from her loss. I knew that this was not going to be something easy for her to overcome. Today, my Grandma is without a doubt the woman who I admire the most. She will never forget about Grandpap and is able to incorporate him as a part of her everyday life. There is not a day that goes by that Grandma doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mention HarlandÃ¢â¬â¢s name. She always speaks of his accomplishments, a word of advice from his mouth, or even just a fond memory. Most importantly, I admire that though the black cloud was able to fulfill its destiny, my Grandma overcame this obstacle in the manner that Harland would have expected her to. She simply put on a rain coat and got out her umbrella as any sensible woman would do. As I held my GrandmaÃ¢â¬â¢s hand through aShow MoreRelatednarrative essay1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNarrative Essay A Brief Guide to Writing Narrative Essays Narrative writing tells a story. In essays the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the author s values told as a story. The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from that past, or even observe the present. When you re writing a narrative essay, loosen up. After all, you re basically just telling a story to someone, something you probably do every day in casual conversationRead MoreNarrative Essay1216 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNARRATIVE ESSAY PROMPTS [Being Unprepared] Because you have been sick, out of town, busy at work, or working on other homework, you didn t have as much time to study for an important test as you needed. Everyone going to school has been in this situation. Think of a specific test that you took that you felt unprepared for and narrate the events. Tell your readers about the preparation that you were able to do, the reasons that you didn t get to prepare as well as you wanted, taking the testRead MoreNarrative Essay1497 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Narrative Essay *What is a Narrative Essay? Ã¢â¬ ¢ Narrative writing tells a story. In essays, the narrative writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the authors values told as a story. The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from that past, or even observe the present. Ã¢â¬ ¢ The author may write about: -An experience or event from his or her past. -A recent or ongoing experience or event. Read More I Hate Narrative Essays1154 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestrip of a teacher to the chalkboard and one phrase, narrative essay. God, I hate narrative essays. My day was going well. I devoured a big breakfast, my brother, for once, got out of the shower quick, and no major assignment was pending. Life was very, very good. Then life began to fall into oblivion. I saw on the board in the front of Mrs. Smiths room the journal entry for the day. It was about what would I write about in a narrative essay. Hope faded away. Somewhere on the planet a nuclearRead MoreEssay on Narrative Therapy1589 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbstract This paper will look at the logic of narrative therapy by focusing on 5 major points. This paper will begin by discussing how the narrative approach defines and perceives problems. It will address how narrative therapy views the nature of the relationship between the client and the professional. This paper will look at how problems are solved using the narrative approach. It will also focus on three main techniques used in narrative therapy, which will include externalization, deconstructionRead More Personal Narrative: A Personal Essay1314 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWelsh accent. I looked down at my single sentence with relief. That was the beginning of my understanding that everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of something, may it be an inanimate object or experience is unique. The end of class he assigned us to write an essay about a personal experience, to be due the following week. He also asked us to bring copies to distribute to all the class. The days prior to the due date, I recalled many experiences, but when I attempted to write them down on paper, I was notRead MoreEssay on Narrative Assignment654 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesUnit 2 narrative Assignment Kaplan University Pamela Baker HU 300 Ã¢â¬â 25 Folk tale, fairy tales, and fables have been used for generations and have been passed down from generation to generation to teach children about morals, whatÃ¢â¬â¢s right and wrong, cultures and believes. The emotional connection to feelings that children develop from them will help them develop a sense of belonging. Folk tales, fairy tales and fables have changed over time depending on how and where they are told but theRead MoreThe Searchers Narrative Structure Essay1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFrom Boy to Man: The Searchers Through the Eyes of Martin Pawley The narrative structure of John FordÃ¢â¬â¢s The Searchers is centered primarily around the actions and knowledge of men. Throughout the movie, men are the figures of action, they are out scouring the land for lost loved ones while the women stay home and wait with hope. In The Searchers, just as with any search, the limiting factor involved is knowledge. Ethan, the main character, begins the movie as the leader of the searchers. His assumedRead MoreEssay on Narrative Report on Vertigo1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAssignment 1: Narrative report on Vertigo Establishing the difference between the story and the plot allows one to determine the effect each element has on the understanding and interpretation of the piece. It also provides a way of tracking the continuation of events and the relationship between seemingly isolated moments in time. Film Art clearly defines both story and plot but acknowledges that there is a significant overlap between the two functions and allows a flow within the film. The plotRead More Narrative and Narrator: An Analysis of Joseph Andrews Essay3068 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesNarrative and Narrator: An Analysis of Joseph Andrews Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã As the novel was coalescing into a distinct form of literary expression, Henry Fielding introduced a dynamic relationship between the reader and the text by developing the role of the narrator and the narrators responsibility in shaping the overall structure of the work. His narrative creation would become a tradition explored by modern writers. By establishing the narrator as an intermediary, the narrator was free to create
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Dickinson and her Religion Emily Dickinson was one of the greatest woman poets. She left us with numerous works that show us her secluded world. Like other major artists of nineteenth-century American introspection such as Emerson, Thoreau, and Melville, Dickinson makes poetic use of her vacillations between doubt and faith. The style of her first efforts was fairly conventional, but after years of practice she began to give room for experiments. Often written in the meter of hymns, her poems dealt not only with issues of death, faith and immortality, but with nature, domesticity, and the power and limits of language. Dickinsons Christian education affected her profoundly, and her desire for a human intuitive faith motivates andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦At the start of her career she assembles her poems in fascicles and sets, thus giving them a separate existence as poems, while later she experiments increasingly with a style of letter writing in which the border between verse and prose tends to disappear , and she writes poetically wherever she wants to (Martin). More and more she seems to conceive of poetic writing as an all-engaging process with only temporary closure. In addition, Dickinsons poetry changes with the variation of her personal experience. In spite of her withdrawal from society and the persistence of her themes and preoccupations, her work not only circles back on itself but also reflects her intense response to personal changes that encroach on her world. Her very early poems (1858-60) are generally smoother in form, sprightlier and less troubled in spirit than the prodigious group of poems assigned to her most productive years (1861-65) (Anderson). These are years of apparent crisis and of profound poetic inventiveness, when Dickinson composes many poems with dramatized speakers who anxiously explore religious questions as these affect their own happiness. In the last years she turns her writing concerning God, nature as Gods creation, relation between flesh and s pirit, and the afterlife, often expressed in condensed and elliptical verse. Early work that displays her preoccupationShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Poem The Living Dead 1479 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEmily DickinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s 1861 version of Ã¢â¬Å"Safe in Their Alabaster ChambersÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬ indicates the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s mood about death and religion. One criticÃ¢â¬â¢s view, specifically Brent E. Kinser, coincides with the common perception, and adds that she signifies the inevitability of death in the universe (Kinser 144). In his periodical, Ã¢â¬Å"DickinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s SAFE IN THEIR ALABASTER CHAMBERSÃ¢â¬ Kinser claims that Dickinson creates imagery of upward movement from the grave to the living realm to mirror a perpetual Ã¢â¬Å"movement of life andRead MoreEmily Dickinson s Writing Style1191 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEmily Dickinson was one of the many famous American poets whose work was published in the 19th century. Her writing style was seen as unconventional due to her use of Ã¢â¬Å"dashes and syntactical fragmentsÃ¢â¬ (81), which was later edited out by her original publishers. These fragmented statements and dashes were added to give emphasis to certain lines and subjects to get her point across. Even though Emily Dickinson was thought to be a recluse, she wrote descriptive, moving poems on death, religion, and loveRead MoreLife Influences On Emily Dickenson s Work1315 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstructure. Emily Dickinson, a very established poet of the nineteenth-century, used this style of writing to express feelings toward religion, love, and death. All of her inspiration came from these things that would impact her life dearly. Dickinson was born in 1830 in Amherst, Massachusetts where she would spend her childhood and adolescent years living. She graduated from Amherst Academy in 1847 and then attended nearby Mount Holyoke Female Seminary for one year. Growing up Dickinson set herselfRead MoreAn Analysis of The Soul selects her own Society884 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEmily DickinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Soul Selects her Own SocietyÃ¢â¬ presents herself as absolute and her rights as unchallengeable. The poem puts forward the idea of Ã¢â¬Å"friendship or loveÃ¢â¬ which means choosing a significant person and excluding other people. Dickinson reveals that she was shutting people from her life, but because it had been so long, they are no longer interested in taking part of her life. DickinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s actions imply that the ability to create and construct a world for oneself, such as choosing yourRead MoreEmily Dickinson s Poems On Death, Religion, And Love1119 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Emily Dickinson was a famous American poet whose work was published in the late 19th century. Her writing style was seen by many as unconventional due to her use of Ã¢â¬Å"dashes and syntactical fragmentsÃ¢â¬ (81), which was edited out by her original publishers. These fragmented statements and dashes were added to emphasize certain lines and subjects to accentuate the theme of her poems. Emily Dickinson wrote descriptive, moving poems on death, religion, and love. Her poems continue to create gripping discussionsRead MoreEmily Dickinson And Walt Whitman1218 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespoetry, Emily Dickinson and Walt Whitman have styles that are like none other. Although they have many individual, unique characteristics, they also are comparable in numerous ways. The lengths and tone in each of their poems may seem very different; however their similarities lie mostly in the themes and subjects that the two focus on. Their upbringing and life experiences are two aspects that made have t hese two, the influential poets that they are known for today. Emily Dickinson was born in MassachusettsRead MoreEmily Dickinson: An American Poet1793 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEmily Dickinson is one of the most influential American authors, whose works transformed the way people view poetry and female authors. Her exceedingly complex life has proved a tremendous influence on her instrumental poetry, creating its originality and distinguishing her from other great poets of the nineteenth century. As well, her use of symbolism and imagery has continued to make her work celebrated. Although Emily Dickinson lived a private and reclusive life, full of death among many closeRead MoreSolitude Of A Poet By Emily Dickinson1545 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmajority of her life, demonstrated her extensive literary and language skills through her unusual poetry, becoming one of the most recognized and widely studied poet today. Born in December 10, 1886 in Amherst, Massachusetts, Emily Dickinson was one of three children to Edward Dickinson and his wife, Emily Dicki nson. According to Pettinger, DickinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s roots trace back to her Puritan ancestors from England in the 17th century, who later immigrated to America to freely exercise their religion (PettingerRead MoreTranscendentalist Writers : The Transcendentalist Movement Essay1092 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbetween 1820 and 1830, it was a retaliation against the modern concepts of religion and society that was prominent in the eastern region of the United States at the time. Writers Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau are the most well-known among transcendentalist writers, possibly because they served as an inspiration to many other writers. Together these transcendentalist writers, including Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson, and many others, joined the movement and began to spread the transcendentalistRead MoreDickinsonÃ¢â¬â¢S Infatuation With Death.Emily Dickinson Is Well-Known1363 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages DickinsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Infatuation with Death Emily Dickinson is well-known due to the fact that she uses an immense amount of death in her poetry; she is also known as being reclusive and death-obsessed. Although other poets donÃ¢â¬â¢t typically use large amounts of death in his or her own poetry, Dickinson decided to take her own path in order to get her point across; meanwhile, some found her obsession with death rather disturbing. On the other hand, death could be interpreted through various
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Questions: 1.Describe and evaluate the reasons why a warning may be given to a jury?2.Describe and discuss the effect of the Evidence Act 2008 on corroboration warnings?3.Identify and assess the circumstances under which a judge may still give corroboration warning?4.Determine the fundamentals in the preparation of the case?5.Identify the important elements of collection, forms and content, in the gathering of proof of evidence and assess for application?6.Identify the process in compelling the production of evidence and evaluate for application?7.Determine the processes for tendering types of evidence, such as; documents; photographs; maps; and plans; real evidence, and views?8.Describe and discuss the purpose and content of opening and closing addresses?9.Research and document the history of the development of Uniform Evidence Legislation?10.Research and discuss the objectives and justifications for the introduction of the Evidence Act 2008 (Vic)?11.Identify and describe the structure and pro visions of the Evidence Act 2008 (Vic) and its relationship with the Evidence Act 1995 (Cth) and assess for the application to practice? Answers: 1. A warning to the jury panel is given in the cases where an allegation is made regarding a sexual assault. This is because such cases are traumatic in nature for a number of individual and for varied reasons. The warning is given in such cases so that a jury can be made aware about the effects which may result on an accused, as a result of delay between the crime that has been alleged and the trial. 2. The persisting requirement as per which the evidence had to be corroborated, with the sole exception of the perjury cases, the requirement has been abolished as a result of Section 164 of the Evidence Act 2008. So, a jury is not required to warn that to act on uncorroborated evidence is dangerous or even give a warning about the same. Section 164(4) provides that a judge should not direct the jury about the corroborations absence. 3. Section 164(2) states that the provisions contained in this section are not applicable on perjury offences or such related offences. Further as per section 164(5), the judge is required to direct the jury that the individual accused could only be found guilty, when they have been satisfied regarding the evidence, which can prove the guilt and such an evidence is corroborated. Even when there is a prohibition over corroborative directions, in cases where the jury has been warned regarding the possible unreliability of the witness, and in addition to this, there is presence of evidence which can support or confirm the evidence of the witness, then it is considered as fitting for the jury to look for supportive evidence, as was seen in the case of R v Connors and R v Milton. 4. The preparation of the case helps in winning half the battle. So, the fundamentals of preparation for a case are to be followed properly before the case is actually presented before a court of law. The first and foremost aspect in this is to analyze the strength, as well as, the weakness of the case. The next step is to prepare the documents and the evidence for the trial. The witnesses are a key to any case, and they have to be properly identified and prepared beforehand. Lastly, the key points of the case have to be practiced over and over again. 5. There are certain crucial elements while gathering the proof of any kind of evidence and these relate to its collection, form and contents. Evidence consists of a range of items, and primarily has three forms, which are real evidence, testimony and documents. The real evidence is collected to prove charges made in a crime, and its contents include the collection of things like tissues, semen, saliva, fingerprints and blood. The evidence law operates over the rules regarding the proof of facts in criminal, as well as, civil trials. 6. As per Section 45 of the Evidence Act 2008, an individual can be compelled to produce a document or such other evidence which is available to the party, before the court or to some other party, through an order of the court. The evidence can be compelled to be produced only in cases where a party has cross examined a witness or is doing so presently, regarding a preceding representation or an inconsistent statement, which has been allegedly made by another person or the witness, respectively, and which has been properly recorded in a document. The evidence that has been produced would then be examined by the court and the direction regarding its use is also given by the court. The court, at its discretion can also admit such produced evidence, even when the same has not been tendered by the party. 7. The common law rule, subject to some exceptions, provides that the original documents have to be tendered in evidence so that their contents can be proved. This rule is also known as the original document rule, however, the Uniform Evidence Act in Victoria, through its section 51 abolishes this rule. This act provides that the evidence can be entered by tendering the document under section 48 of this act. The methods or process of tendering the documents has been covered under this section. For instance, tendering a transcript of a recording, or a copy of a document, is taken as tendering of evidence. Section 53 contains the provisions regarding tendering of views, in manner of demonstration or inspection. 8. The opening and closing addresses acts as the opportunity of addressing the jury directly in any case, which allows the chance to give the jury an understanding regarding the role of the party in the case, and the role of the evidence that has been presented before the court of law. The opening statement introduces the dispute to the jury members and acts as a general road map on how the entire trial would be unfolded. A closing statement on the other hand contains the summary of the proceedings and reminds the jury of the key evidence that has been presented so that the jury can be persuaded to give a favorable decision. 9. The origin of the Uniform Evidence Law can be traced back to the inquiry which began in the year 1979 of the ALRC, i.e., the Australian Law Reform Commission, which was charged with the review of the applicable laws of evidence to the proceedings of the courts. NSWLRC or the New South Wales Law Reform Commission had its own inquiry in this matter. Their work was suspended in the year 1979 as the ALRCs review outcome was pending. The final report of NSWLRC was produced in 1988 which required that in New South Wales, the recommendations of ALRC should be implemented. The Governments of New South Wales and the Commonwealth, in 1991, developed the bills to give effect to the recommendations of the ALRC. However, none of these bills were passed. The Parliaments of New South Wales and the Commonwealth, in 1995, enacted new Evidence Acts. Both the ALRC and NSWLRC reviewed the operations of both the New South Wales and the Commonwealth Act. After a review of the Evidence Act by both these, a report was published in February 2006. The Victorian Law Reform Commission also published a report after which, this law was formulated. 10. The objective behind the introduction of the Evidence Act 2008 (Vic) was to introduce an act which presented a uniform evidence law in Victoria. The justification for bringing out this act was to present new provisions for law of evidence, which were uniform with the law in this regard, with that of the New South Wales and the Commonwealth. 11.The Evidence Act 2008 (Vic) has been divided into parts, within which contains the relevant provisions to a particular part. For instance, the application of the act is the Part 1.2, which contains all the provisions relating to this matter. An example of this can be seen in Section 7 of this act, which binds the crown. So, the relevant provisions on a particular topic have been clubbed together in parts. The Evidence Act 2008 (Vic) is related to Evidence Act 1995 (Cth), as it is a modified and better version of the 1995 act. The provisions of the later act have a wider reach in comparison to the previous legislation. However in large parts, the 2008 act is uniform with the 1995 act. Bibliography Cases R v Connors  NSWCCA 470 at  R v Milton  NSWCCA 195 Legislation Evidence Act 1995 (Cth) Evidence Act 2008 (Vic) Others Grey A, Not-So-Uniform Evidence Law: Reforming Longman Warnings (2007) https://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/CICrimJust/2007/25.pdf Judicial College of Victoria, Introduction to the Uniform Evidence Act in Victoria: Significant Changes (2009) https://www.judicialcollege.vic.edu.au/sites/default/files/IntroductiontotheUEA.pdf Judicial Commission of New South Wales, Checklist of Jury Directions (15 June 2015) https://www.judcom.nsw.gov.au/publications/benchbks/sexual_assault/checklist_of_jury_directions.html Rottenstein Law Group LLP, What are closing statements or closing arguments? (2017) https://www.rotlaw.com/legal-library/what-are-closing-statements-or-closing-arguments/ Rutkowski L, How to Prepare Yourself to Present Your Case (22 June 2015) https://www.peoples-law.org/how-prepare-yourself-present-your-case UN Women, Evidence collection (2012) https://www.endvawnow.org/en/articles/1136-evidence-collection.html United States Courts, Differences Betweeen Opening Statements Closing Arguments (2017) https://www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/educational-resources/about-educational-outreach/activity-resources/differences Victoria University, Bachelor of Laws: Evidence (2015) https://libraryguides.vu.edu.au/law/evidence [Judicial Commission of New South Wales, Checklist of Jury Directions (15 June 2015) https://www.judcom.nsw.gov.au/publications/benchbks/sexual_assault/checklist_of_jury_directions.htmlAlice Grey, Not-So-Uniform Evidence Law: Reforming Longman Warnings (2007) https://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/CICrimJust/2007/25.pdfEvidence Act 2008, s 164 Evidence Act 2008 (Vic) Evidence Act 2008, s 164(4)Evidence Act 2008, s 164(2) Evidence Act 2008, s 164(5) NSWCCA 470 at   NSWCCA 195Lauren Rutkowski, How to Prepare Yourself to Present Your Case (22 June 2015) https://www.peoples-law.org/how-prepare-yourself-present-your-caseVictoria University, Bachelor of Laws: Evidence (2015) https://libraryguides.vu.edu.au/law/evidenceUN Women, Evidence collection (2012) https://www.endvawnow.org/en/articles/1136-evidence-collection.htmlEvidence Act 2008, s 48Evidence Act 2008, s 45(2) Evidence Act 2008, s 45(1 Evidence Act 2008, s 45(3Judicial College of Victoria, Introduction to the Unif orm Evidence Act in Victoria: Significant Changes (2009) https://www.judicialcollege.vic.edu.au/sites/default/files/IntroductiontotheUEA.pdfEvidence Act 2008, s 48Evidence Act 2008, s 53Rottenstein Law Group LLP, What are closing statements or closing arguments? (2017) https://www.rotlaw.com/legal-library/what-are-closing-statements-or-closing-arguments/United States Courts, Differences Betweeen Opening Statements Closing Arguments (2017) https://www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/educational-resources/about-educational-outreach/activity-resources/differencesAt 17Evidence Act 2008, s 1 Evidence Act 2008, Part 1.2 Evidence Act 2008, s7 Evidence Act 1995 (Cth)
Monday, April 13, 2020
Sometimes it makes me wonder how I keep from going under effectively preparing the listener for a discourse in coping with struggle. This feeling is immediately reaffirmed by the instrumentation, the sound effect of glass breaking, followed by the opening line broken glass everywhere, people pissing on the stairs, you know they just dont care. Grandmaster Flash uses the metaphor of the jungle, to insinuate the unpredictable, volatile, annalistic nature of life in the inner city which pits hungry soles amongst one another to fend for themselves. The second image he brings into play, of people urinating in public to the indifference of those surrounding, serves to demonstrate the kind of conditions omnipresent in the ghetto: a public that is desensitizing to uncivil behavior. Additionally, the instrumentation of the baseline and the chorus serve to augment the songs message. The baseline, a perpetual, consistent descending chord progression, fosters the notion of life being a slow and steady dose of challenges that tend to weigh one down. We will write a custom essay sample on Can You Understand The Message? or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The moderate tempo, marked by a drum and the baseline, form a consistent, steady beat that creates the illusion of time passing.The constant downward chord progression builds on this notion of time passing, and suggests that just as regular as the passage often, is the constant necessity of dealing with problems. Additionally, implementation of the synthesizer to create a psychedelic chord progression that is heard exclusively during the chorus of The Message, creates an aura of instability and further amplifies the feeling of volatility that characterizes life in the inner city as alluded to by the earliest referenced metaphor of the jungle as rapped by Grandmaster Flash in the first line of the song.While the aforementioned musical elements have the capacity to suggest and augment the thematic content, the lyrics are the primary propagator of the artists message in hip-hop music. In The Message, Grandmaster Flash seeks to heighten the awareness of the conditions of the inner cities, implicate the system that creates the conditions, and also illuminate upon the state of mind that results from living in such conditions, and its consequences. Poverty is the first issue he addresses, and raps l cant take the smell, cant take the noise no more/Got no money to move out, I guess I got no choice Tried to get away, but couldnt get far/ Cause a man with a tow-truck repossessed my car. The picture Grandmaster Flash paints describes the depressing reality of poverty. Many inner city Weller are often physically, socially, and economically trapped to the confines of their living situation. Lack of financial stability in the inner city prevents many residents from improving their situation, and in effect leaves an entire community socially and economically stagnant and living with rats in the front room, roaches in the back/junkies in the alley with a baseball bat. In the authors case, one shared by countless other inner city residents, the ability to even catch a breather from the depressing sites and life of the inner city is not even feasible due to lack of transportation. Another image hat Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five portray is a crazy lady living in a bad/Eating out of garbage pails, she used to be a fax-hag. While this image serves as another reinforcement of poverty in the ghetto, it also brings to light the plight of a single woman in the ghetto.The crazy lady, Grandmaster Flash explains, used to be a dancer however at some stage in her life she went to the city and got Social Security/She had to get a pimp, she couldnt make it on her own. Through the anecdote of the crazy lady, Grandmaster Flash demonstrates the realities of life for a poor, single woman trying to aka a living in the inner city. In The Message, her ambition to be a dancer was squashed by the lack of opportunity and resources of the inner city, and the only form of social security she could find was provided not by the government, but by the neighborhood pimp. Due to the constraints placed on her life potential by her living situation, she forwent a dance career for prostitution, and eventually homelessness and the dubious honor Of being the crazy lady living in a bag. The failure to succeed for this single woman represents the plight of many single women of the inner cities whom are held n economic submission by their financial situations and have to result to prostitution for social security, only to end up homeless and helpless.One of the primary causes for many inner city dwellers to be trapped in social and economic stagnation is the fact that they are not eligible for work that would take them away from the inner city. This can be directly attributed to the lack of substantial education that many urban residents receive. Grandmaster Flash, writing form the point of view of a father, illustrates this point. My son said: Daddy, I dont wand go to school/Cause the teachers a jerk, he must hind Im a fool/And all the kids smoke reefer.. . Through the sons description of what his education is like, Grandmaster Flash illuminates the true environment at inner city schools. Because there is lack of community contribution to the education system, the only financial backing the inner city school board receives is the government issued sum from states education budget. As a result, many inner city schools are poorly equipped, and their lack of resources restrains the inner city students potential.Furthermore, many of the children of the inner city are products of broken families and at a nouns age are already forced to cope with oppressive life issues. The result is turnover from the schools to the streets, where the only education is the code of the streets, not individual morality. Grandmaster Flash best elucidates this point again through the son, who tells his father All the kids smoke reefer, I think itd be cheaper If just got a job, learned to be a street sweeper. The fourth verse of The Message is the most poignant verse of the song, In which Grandmaster Flash reaches out to the vast population of inner city residents by describing the conditions of the ghetto, and the individual mindset that it extracts. He extrapolates that upon birth, God is smiling on you but hes frowning too Because only God knows what youll go through Youll grow in the ghetto, living second rate And your eyes will sing a song of deep hate.In this passage Grandmaster Flash discusses the paradox of God, and how while he smiles on all his children, he frowns on those living in the inner city, for he knows that the second rate life that residents of the inner city live only lead to cultivation of hate. He does on to describe how places that were once sweet memories turn sour, and that the only role models there are for he youth are the thugs, pimps, pushers and big money makers/driving big cars, spending twenties and tens However, despite the glory of making money, the nex t step down that path is one of jail time and imminent death. Grandmaster Flash concludes the verse, was cold and your body swung back and forth/But now your eyes sing the sad, sad song/Of how you lives so fast and died So young, a fitting description of the unnatural life Of those living in the Inner city. By utilizing the vehicle for expression that is hip-hop, pioneers Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five were able to create a song that could speak to entire populations of oppressed African Americans.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
The Top 10 SAT Reading Tips You Must Use SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips To do well on the SAT Reading section, you'll need to prepare yourself to understand the material and pace yourself according to the structure of the test. In this article, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll take you through 10 quick tips for improving your Reading performance! SAT Passage Reading Tips Tip #1: Skim Strategically (Or Start with the Questions!) Many students make the mistake of thinking they need to read passages on the SAT Reading section closely right off the bat.Actually, itÃ¢â¬â¢s often beneficial to skim the passage first to get the gist of the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s argument. The best way to skim is to read the introduction and conclusion paragraphs and the first and last sentences of every body paragraph.That way you can be sure youÃ¢â¬â¢re not missing any main ideas.This will save you a lot of time because most passage-based questions on the SAT give you line numbers to reference. You'll know exactly where to look for the answers (or at least where to start). You might even consider skipping the passage altogether at first and just heading straight for the questions.You can answer all the questions about specific details in the passage first (since they give you line numbers).By the time you answer all the detail questions, you'll have a good sense of the main ideas of the passage. If not you can always go back and skim the passage (paying special attention to the introduction and conclusion paragraphs) to find the answers to big picture questions. Tip #2: Read the Passage Intros You know those little preliminary notes in italics before each passage on the SAT? TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re useful if you take the time to read them. Passage intros give you context for what youÃ¢â¬â¢re reading so you donÃ¢â¬â¢t just plunge into it without understanding anything about who wrote it or when it was written.This can be helpful ingaining a stronger understanding of the basis for the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s argument and its historical context. Here's an example: The following passage is an excerpt from a 1909 novel. Georgia, the main character, is a reporter in an otherwise all-male newsroom. Reading this introduction gives you a lot of information that you might otherwise have to infer. You now know the setting of the passage as well as the main character's name and her position in society. With this background in hand, you can get your bearings before you start reading and be more confident about your interpretation. Tip #3: Force Yourself to Engage with the Passages If you go into the SAT Reading section assuming that the stuff you have to read is boring, it will be much more difficult to absorb information.As challenging as this may be, try to get yourself genuinely interested in what youÃ¢â¬â¢re reading.Think of each passage as a learning experience rather than a slog that you are forced to endure to answer questions. Some of the passages on the SAT are interesting if you allow yourself to see them in that light.Your reading experience will be faster, less painful, and more easily absorbed if you have a positive attitude about it! Here's to a safe passage. ;) (I'm so sorry) Overall SAT Reading Tips Tip #4: Put It in Your Own Words First If you encounter a confusing question, it's often helpful to rephrase it in your own words before attempting to answer it. The SAT sometimes words questions in strange ways that don't make sense at first glance, although this is less common on the new version of the test. Try to restate the question in a way that is easier for you to understand before moving on to the answer choices. The SAT also dabbles in confusing answer choices that might make you second guess yourself.A good way to avoid this is to think of an answer in your own words first.If you already have an answer in mind, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a lot easier to keep your focus in the midst of tricky choices. Think about how you would answer the question if it were open response based on what you read in the passage. Tip #5: Use Connotation and Keywords This is very important if you want to be able to answer questions youÃ¢â¬â¢re unsure about.Look for indications of positive or negative connotation, words that point to contrast (like "rather than" or "however"), and strong adjectives in the sentence or passage you are referencing. These clues will help you eliminate at least a couple ofincorrect answers even if youÃ¢â¬â¢re not sure what the correct answer is yet. Here's an example: The passage indicates that the assumption made by gift-givers in lines 41-44 may be A) insincere. B) unreasonable. C) incorrect. D) substantiated. Here are the lines we need to look at for this question: "What is surprising is that gift-givers have considerable experience acting as both gift-givers and gift-recipients, but nevertheless tend to overspend each time they set out to purchase a meaningful gift. In the present research, we propose a unique psychological explanation for this overspending problem- i.e., that gift-givers equate how much they spend with how much recipients will appreciate the gift (the more expensive the gift, the stronger a gift-recipientÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings of appreciation)." From reading this paragraph, we know that gift-givers tend to "overspend" on meaningful gifts. That means that their ideas about gift-giving are misguided. The word that describes their assumption will have a negative connotation. That means Choice D can be eliminated - the whole point is that the assumption is NOT substantiated. However, there is also nothing to indicate malicious intent or illogical thinking on the part of gift-givers. Choices A and B, "insincere" and "unreasonable" can be eliminated as well. The passage is talking about presenting research, so A and B are unsuitable because they are too subjective. "Incorrect" is the only choice that gels with the scientific tone of the passage and the conclusion it draws about the assumptions of gift-givers. Tip #6: Eliminate Incorrect Answers Rather than trying to find the correct answer on a difficult question, you should focus on eliminating incorrect answers.Every question is about finding ways to get rid of answers that donÃ¢â¬â¢t fit. This the fundamental rule of SAT reading: every question has one unequivocally correct answer, and all three other potential answers can be eliminated based on evidence. If thereÃ¢â¬â¢s even one word that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t match up with the information provided in the passage, you can cross out that answer.ItÃ¢â¬â¢s much easier to throw away the duds until youÃ¢â¬â¢re left with only the best choice than to pick the best choice out right away. The correct answer might not be exactly what youÃ¢â¬â¢re expecting, but you KNOW that each incorrect answer will have something completely wrong with it.See our article on strategies for getting an 800 on SAT Reading for details on the different types of incorrect answers and how to spot them. Tip #7: Skip Difficult Questions ItÃ¢â¬â¢s easy to get stuck on difficult questions if you arenÃ¢â¬â¢t paying attention to time management.The strict time constraints on the SAT meant that it's crucial toskip questions when you've spent more than 30 seconds unsuccessfully searching for the answer. Answer all the easy questions first, then come back to tougher ones at the end. You can circle all the questions you skip as you go along to make them easier to pick out on your second pass through the test.This way you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t miss any easy points later on in the section. Tip #8: Double Check Your Answers If you have extra time at the end (hopefully if you follow Tip #1 and Tip #6 you will!) you should use it to check over your answers.Nothing is more frustrating than getting a question wrong due to carelessness. Something that you can do to help yourself in this process is to circle questions you're unsure about along the way. This means you'll only check the answers that you need to check instead of going over questions that you were sure about in the first place. Always dubble check your bubbles. Tip #9: Bubble in Your Answers at the End Waiting to bubble in your answers until you finish a section can save you a lot of time on the test. You wonÃ¢â¬â¢t constantly be looking back and forth between the booklet and the answer sheet.Mark your answers in the test booklet first, and when youÃ¢â¬â¢re done you can go through and fill in all the bubbles at once. This tip is conditional - itÃ¢â¬â¢s best to do this only if you already know you can finish the section with enough time to spare. If you know you can finish the Reading section with at least five minutes left on the clock, you should be able to benefit from this strategy. Tip #10: DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Get Discouraged Psyching yourself out, whether because you ran out of time or because you came across a question that totally stumped you, can only hurt you. Pause to take a deep breath and calm your nerves before moving onto the next question with confidence! Tip, Tip, Hooray! LetÃ¢â¬â¢s review: For passagesÃ¢â¬ ¦ Skim strategically or read the questions first Read the italicized introductions Get interested in the material For the reading section overall.... Put it in your own words first Use connotation and keywords Eliminate incorrect answers Skip difficult questions Double check your answers Do all your bubbling at the end DonÃ¢â¬â¢t get discouraged Now you know some of the best ways to quickly improve your score on the SAT Critical Reading section!Remember, though, tips can only get you so far - try and focus on more in-depth strategies first, then use this advice to take your scores to the next level. What's Next? Check out thesesix strategies to improve low SAT Reading scores. If you think you're ready to take it to the next level, you should also read our article on how to get an 800 on the SAT Reading and Writing section. 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Sunday, February 23, 2020
Best Practice HRM in Taiwan - Essay Example The aim of the paper is to the transition of human resource management in Taiwan, and to propose recommendations for MNCs that are facing human resource management shift. The best practice model is usually applied to reward system management. Pfeffer develops and describes the impact and importance of HR policies for effective performance and motivation. Following Pfeffer (1998a), "labor markets are far from perfectly efficient, it is nonetheless the case that some relationship exists between what a firm pays and the quality of the workforce it attracts" (p. 80). The aim of this model is to attract and retain the best employees able to create competitive advantage and meet the needs of organization. Motivation factors are the core of this theory. "If the organization enjoys increased profitability and performance as a result of the efforts of its people, then considerations of equity virtually demand that the entire workforce, not just some senior managers share in the returns through higher pay' (Pfeffer 1998a, p. 220). The "best practice" approach helps to achieve effectiveness of performance and specific goals including maintenance of high standards in order to deliver customer satisfaction. Unique talents among employees, including superior performance, productivity, flexibility, innovation, and the ability to deliver high levels of personal customer service are ways in which people provide a critical ingredient in developing an organization's competitive position (Chandler and Mcevoy 2000). People also provide the key to managing the pivotal interdependencies across functional activities and the important external relationships. It can be argued that one of the clear benefits arising from competitive advantage based on the effective management of people is that such an advantage is hard to imitate. An organization's HR strategies, policies and practices are a unique blend of processes, procedures, personalities, styles, capabilities and organizational culture. "Pfeffer (1994) maintains certain employment practices, including internal career ladders, extensive training, worker discretion, extensive training, generally contribute to high levels of organizational performance" (Lawler et al 2003, p. 4). Discussion Section The transition of human resource management in Taiwan is based on the need to adapt the economy and HR practices to changing economic and political environments and create strong workforce. Multinational corporations are often regarded as a potential source of convergence in international HRM in that they are expected to use their international perspective to promote the diffusion of 'best practice' HR techniques. One of the most important consequences of 'best practice' in joint ventures has been the introduction of a more systematic management approach in that the systems were defined in writing, standardized and operated on a regular basis (Chandler and Mcevoy 2000). "Taiwan is particularly noted for its small and medium-sized firms, both in the high-technology sector and in more traditional industries. One advantage of being small is that such organizations can be highly flexible and thus much more responsive to rapidly shifting and unpredictable economic conditions" (Lawler et al 2000, p. 5). A majority of MNCs have placed a